Raw Materials

Raw Materials

Merbau

The merbau tree is a native tree to the Eastern South Asia regions like India, Philippines, Indonesia, Australia and many Pacific Islands. Merbau is used in a wide range of applications; from construction to indoor and outdoor furniture. Merbau is a very hard, durable and termite-resistant wood, making it a highly valued material for charcoal making.

Meranti

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica, Indian date) is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceae indigenous to tropical Africa. Since thousands of years, this plant has been venturing into the Asian tropics and then also into the Caribbean and Latin America. Tamarind tree can grow well up to a height of about 1,000 m (sometimes up to 1,500 m) above sea level, on sandy or clay soil, especially in areas clear and dry season is long enough. Tamarind wood is reddish brown, heavy, hard, solid, durable and finely textured, so it is often used to make furniture, crafts, carvings and sculptures.

Tamarind - Asam Jawa

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica, Indian date) is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceae indigenous to tropical Africa. Since thousands of years, this plant has been venturing into the Asian tropics and then also into the Caribbean and Latin America. Tamarind tree can grow well up to a height of about 1,000 m (sometimes up to 1,500 m) above sea level, on sandy or clay soil, especially in areas clear and dry season is long enough. Tamarind wood is reddish brown, heavy, hard, solid, durable and finely textured, so it is often used to make furniture, crafts, carvings and sculptures.

Sonokeling - Rosewood

All genuine rosewoods belong to the genus Dalbergia. Another classic rosewood comes from Dalbergia latifolia known as (East) Indian Rosewood or sonokeling. It is native to India and is also grown in plantations elsewhere in Southeast Asia. In Indonesia, rosewood only found growing wild in the forests of Central Java and East Java at an altitude below 600 m. Rosewood timber has a beautiful pattern, purple-streak streaked black or purplish black with reddish brown stripes. The wood used to make furniture, cabinets, and various high-class furniture. Because of its strong, durable good quality, rosewood is also often used to make carvings and sculptures, lathe goods, musical instruments and sports, as well as bent wood furniture such as handles of umbrellas, walking sticks and others. In addition, rosewood also used in the manufacture of floor parquet. Having a high density and low moisture content about 15% it makes great source for charcoal.
Sonokeling Charcoal Calorie Value : up to 7500 (Kcal/kg)

Coffea

Coffea tree is a member of the family Rubiaceae. Several species of Coffea may be grown for the seeds. Coffea arabica accounts for 75-80 percent of the world's coffee production, while Coffea canephora accounts for about 20 percent. They are shrubs or small trees native to tropical and southern Africa and tropical Asia. When grown in the tropics, coffee is a vigorous bush or a small tree. Most commonly cultivated coffee species grow best at high elevations, but do not tolerate freezing temperatures. Coffee ranks as one of the world's most valuable and widely traded commodity crops and is an important export product of several countries, including those in Central and South America, the Caribbean and Africa.

Jati - Teak

Teak is a tropical hardwood species of tree known as Tectona grandis. The species is placed in the family Lamiaceae. It is also known as C.P.Teak , Nagpur Teak in English. Tectona grandis is a large, deciduous tree that is dominant in mixed hardwood forests. Teak timber is particularly valued for its durability and water resistance, and is used for boat building, exterior construction, veneer, furniture, carving, turnings, and other small wood projects.Tectona grandis is native to south and southeast Asia, mainly India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Burma, but is naturalized and cultivated in many countries in Africa and the Caribbean.

Acacia - Acacia Magnum

Acacia mangium is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to northeastern Queensland in Australia, the Western Province of Papua New Guinea, Papua, mainly in Sumatra in Indonesia and the eastern Maluku Islands. Acacia mangium trees produce sapwood and heartwood. The heartwood’s colour is brownish yellow shimmery and medium textured. Because the timber is extremely heavy, hard, very strong, tough, and liable to warp and crack badly it is used for furniture, doors and window frames. The glossy and smooth surface finish after polishing leads also to a potential for making export orientated parquet flooring tiles and artifacts. Since these trees crack easily and temperamental for use in furniture, this is mainly used for the paper pulp and biomass Fuel industries. Both industries will require the Acacia mangium trees to be chipped and delivered by the ton and moisture rates.

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. Members of the genus dominate the tree flora of Australia. The more than 700 species of eucalyptus are mostly native to Australia, and are found in adjacent areas of New Guinea and Indonesia. Some eucalyptus species have attracted attention from horticulturists, global development researchers, and environmentalists because of desirable traits such as being fast-growing sources of wood, producing oil that can be used for cleaning and as a natural insecticide, or an ability to be used to drain swamps and thereby reduce the risk of malaria. Eucalyptus have many uses that make them become economically important tree. Karri and Eucalyptus melliodora are the most famous types of Eucalyptus due to their rapid growth and usability of the timber. The wood can be used as ornament, timber, firewood and pulpwood.

Alaban - Vitex Pubescens

Vitex pinnata is a tree of the Verbenaceae family, native to south and south east Asia. Vitex pinnata has a very strong and durable wood, it is durable even in contact with water or soil. It is a grayish brown in color. Wood is used for posts, door and window frames, sleepers and some furniture.

Coconut - Cocos Nucifera

The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family). The coconut is known for its great versatility as seen in the many uses of its different parts and found throughout the tropics and subtropics. The husk and shells of coconut can be used for fuel and are a source of charcoal. Activated carbon manufactured from coconut shell is considered extremely effective for the removal of impurities.

Mangrove

Mangroves are various large and extensive types of trees up to medium height and shrubs that grow in saline coastal sediment habitats in the tropics and subtropics. In the Indonesian Archipelago, mangroves occur around much of Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and the surrounding islands, while further north, they are found along the coast of the Malay Peninsula.